Agronomy or agronomic engineering, is the science that is responsible for bringing together in one place all knowledge of different applied science in the field of agriculture, this has as its primary objective to optimize the quality with which the different production processes are carried out and transformation of food and other products from agriculture. It is responsible for studying. It is responsible for conducting studies on the chemical, physical, biological, social and economic elements, which can become influential in the production process. Its base is focused on the study of the intervention of man in nature from an agro productive aspect.
It is often said that agronomy studies agroecosystems: models of human intervention on nature to obtain raw materials. This work of man involves the application of theoretical knowledge and technology to meet its objectives.
What’s agronomy for?
This science is responsible for the study of human intervention in nature in the context of the exploitation of it for the production of products from the land (raw material), specialists in the field are responsible for increasing the production of soil, improve the productive characteristics of plants and animals either through genetic modifications or feeding and fertility.
The agronomists to be able to make a more exhaustive study of the soils, divide them into two types, studying them in this way to determine if they contain essential components for the development of the plants in it.
- The components that provide the most nutrients to the soil are those that have in their composition, potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus, although these substances are found naturally in the soil in sufficient quantities for the crops to thrive, the use of fertilizers without doubt can increase the productive capacity of them, of course always focused on the sustainability of the environment.
- The movement of the nutritive components of the soil is another aspect to be studied by the agronomists, who in many cases are absorbed by the plantations, as well as the sustainable development of the agrarian production and its very close relationship with the land.
The exponential growth that has taken place in agricultural activities in recent decades makes it increasingly necessary to use technology to face problems such as the large volumes of production demanded by the market, but also to promote greater care for the health of the workers: the work in the field is very hard, as much for the physical efforts as for the duration of the days, and for that reason the specialized machinery is so beneficial.
Undoubtedly, agronomy is a fundamental pillar in one of the most important aspects of life such as the feeding of human beings, since its main goal is the improvement of the processes of production and processing of food as well as its quality.